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Laurel Bloomery, Tennessee

 

Laurel Bloomery 
     The area that is now known as Laurel Bloomery, TN was first settled by James Keys, Charles Anderson, and Lewis Wills. Wills established an iron works in 1797. Later Luther Warden built the first mill pond. It was by this pond that he smelted iron in big bloomers. This along with the thick thickets of laurel bushes gave Laurel Bloomery its name.

 

  

Photos of bloom iron courtesy of http://iron.wlu.edu/anvil.htm

Bloomery:

A bloomery is a type of furnace once widely used for smelting iron from its oxides. The bloomery was the earliest form of smelter capable of smelting iron. A bloomery's product is a porous mass of iron and slag called a bloom. This mix of slag and iron in the bloom is called sponge iron, which is usually consolidated (shingled) and further forged into wrought iron. The bloomery has now largely been superseded by the blast furnace, which produces pig iron.

 

Bloomery Furnace from WV (all were similar)

Bloomery Furnace from Missouri

   Bloom Iron

 

Mini Facts on Laurel Bloomery, TN

post office in Laurel Bloomer  Opened: February 13, 1878

zip code 37680

Modern Day Laurel Bloomery, TN

 

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